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Applications of Rational Functions The percentage 'c' of a drug in a person's bloodstream 't' hours 1. after its injection is approximately by c(t) = 5t 4t + 5 2 a. Approximately what percentage of the drug is in the person's bloodstream after four and a half hours? b. What is the horizontal asymptote of the graph? What does it tell you about the amount of the drug in the bloodstream? c. At what time is the percentage the highest? What is the percentage at that time? 1 Applications of Rational Functions 2. A truck travelling at a constant speed on a reasonably straight, level road burns at the rate of g(x) gallons per mile, where x is the speed of the truck in miles per hour and g(x) is given by g(x) = 800 + x 200x 2 a. If fuel costs $1.40 per gallon, find the rule of the cost function c(x) that expresses the cost of fuel for a 500­mile trip as a fucntion of the speed. [Hint: (500)g(x) gallons of fuel are needed to go 500 miles. b. What driving speed will make the cost of fuel for the trip $250. c. What driving speed will minimized the cost of fuel for the trip? 2 Applications of Rational Functions 3 . A box with a square base and a volume of 1000 cubic inches is to be constructed. The material for the top and bottom of the box costs $3 per 100 square inches and the material for the sides costs $1.25 per 100 square inches. a. If 'x' is the length of a side of the base, express the cost of constructing the box asa function of 'x'. b. If the side of the base must be at least 6 inches long, for what value of 'x' will the cost of the box be $20? 3